Property obtained and income received during marriage are presumed to be community assets. Specifically, A.R.S. 25-211(A) provides that “all property acquired by either husband or wife during the marriage is the community property of the husband and wife except for property that is: 1. Acquired by gift, devise (thru a Will after someone dies) or descent (after someone dies without a Will). 2. Acquired after service of a petition for dissolution of marriage, legal separation or annulment if the petition results in a decree of dissolution of marriage, legal separation or annulment.”
Similarly, most debts incurred during marriage are generally community obligations. A.R.S. 25-214 provides as follows:
A. Each spouse has the sole management, control and disposition rights of each spouse’s separate property.
B. The spouses have equal management, control and disposition rights over their community property and have equal power to bind the community.
C. Either spouse separately may acquire, manage, control or dispose of community property or bind the community, except that joinder of both spouses (meaning both spouses must sign the contract) is required in any of the following cases:
1. Any transaction for the acquisition, disposition or encumbrance of an interest in real property other than an unpatented mining claim or a lease of less than one year.
2. Any transaction of guaranty, indemnity or suretyship.
3. To bind the community, irrespective of any person’s intent with respect to that binder, after service of a petition for dissolution of marriage, legal separation or annulment if the petition results in a decree of dissolution of marriage, legal separation or annulment.